People, as much as anything else, are a critical aspect of information risk management, and businesses and government agencies must monitor employees - and educate them, as well - to thwart a potential threat from within.
"It's a crime like no other crime," says James Ratley, president of the ACFE, describing fraud. "There was not a gun involved, there was not a knife; there was in many cases a ballpoint pen or a computer."
Security managers need the heads up from non-IT executives before they dismiss employees, some of whom might seek payback for their sacking by pilfering data or sabotaging systems, Carnegie Mellon University's Dawn Cappelli and Mike Hanley say.
Cybersecurity Coordinator Howard Schmidt recognizes the need to battle online piracy to protect U.S. intellectual property but contends legislation before Congress to do just that would unacceptably curtail Internet freedom and increase cybersecurity risks.
People with good analytical backgrounds that understand regulatory compliance are in demand. Their counterparts - defenders of IT systems - will always be in demand.
"We need the tens of thousands that can manage those defenders and then we need 100,000 that are out there learning the trade, that are passionate...
Pace University's Seidenberg Cyber Security Institute plans to leverage public-private partnerships - a challenge for educational institutions. How will the institute help the private and public sectors meet their security needs?
Employment among IT security professionals in the U.S. rose significantly throughout 2011, as unemployment virtually was nonexistent among those with cybersecurity skills, according to our analysis of government data.